Tuesday, July 7, 2020

Microbiology Key Exploration on the Natural Chemistry - 550 Words

Microbiology: Key Exploration on the Natural Chemistry, Physiology (Research Paper Sample) Content: MicrobiologyStudent NameInstitutionIntroductionMicrobiology is the study of minute organisms, for example, microorganisms, infections, archaea, organisms and protozoa. This order incorporates key exploration on the natural chemistry, physiology, cell science, environment, development and clinical parts of microorganisms, including the host reaction to these operators. The following are methods used to study microbiology; inoculation, incubation, isolation, inspection and identification.Methods of studyInoculation is the demonstration or procedure of acquainting something with where it will develop or repeat. It is most usually utilized as a part of admiration of the presentation of a serum, immunization, or antigenic substance into the body of a human or creature, particularly to deliver or help safety to a specific infection.Incubation, is the process of developing and keeping up microbiological societies or cell societies by the use of the incubator. It maintains op timal temperature, humidity and other conditions such as the carbon dioxide and oxygen content of the atmosphere inside.Isolation alludes to the detachment of a strain from a characteristic, blended populace of living organisms, as present in the earth, for instance in water or soil verdure, or from living creatures with skin greenery, oral vegetation or gut verdure, keeping in mind the end goal to recognize the microbes of interest. Generally, the research facility systems of segregation initially created in the field of bacteriology and parasitologyInspection the demonstration of taking a look at microorganisms nearly with a specific end goal to take in more about it, to discover any unusual thing.Identification gives the name of the living being to class or species level, which can help in figuring out if it is a security or decay concern or is prone to be warmth safe, for example, characterization of microorganisms that is writing this gatherings together life forms that offer c omparative DNA part designs or antigenic profiles, to help with following or following defilement.ConclusionFrom the exchange above, it must be bounteously clear that microbiology has turned out to be progressively imperative to human culture. It has risen as a standout amongst the most vital branches of life sciences. As microorganisms essentially influence all exercises of our life like, nourishment, attire, cover, wellbeing cleanliness and so forth, so likewise microbiology has made endless...

Tuesday, May 19, 2020

Corporate Culture, Incentives, Business Ethics, And Goals

The mail delivery video demonstrates various business terms through the usage of a slightly exaggerated real life example. A handful of the topics discussed in the video include corporate culture, incentives, business ethics, and goals. Upon analyzing the numerous topics one is able to not only understand the operation of a business, but also derive a personal management style. Moreover, by utilizing your management style one is able to solve several issues in the corporate structure. Throughout the Seinfeld episode the actions of Jerry and Newman evidently illustrate the impact of corporate structure on the work ethic of employees. For example, during one scene in the episode Newman is not awarded the transfer to Hawaii, and in response decides to â€Å"give up†. The mere fact that Newman lacked the desire to try harder demonstrates the skewed corporate culture of the Post Office. Corporate culture as discussed in class is a company’s beliefs, as well as actions, that determine the interaction of management towards outsiders and fellow employees. The actions of Newman illustrates the impact of a corporation culture, and management style on their workers. The corporate culture portrayed in the incentives video can be characterized as unmotivated, and as a manager there are several ways of addressing such an issue. My personal management style is rather strict, goal oriented, and aimed at satisfying consumer expectations. For this reason had I been manager I would of notShow MoreRelatedOrganizational Culture : Business Practices1011 Words   |  5 Pages Does Organisational Culture Shape Ethical Business Practices? U5009333 Sarah Zuiderduin 14/10/2014 â€Æ' Introduction Organisation culture can be described as the beliefs, customs, value systems and behavioural norms and ways of doing business that are unique to each corporation. The impact of organisational culture on the ethical standards and moral practices of people in organisations has become increasingly common (Fisse Braithwaite, 1983). Managers within organisationsRead MoreThe Five Business Ethics Myths Essay879 Words   |  4 PagesCommon Ethics Misconceptions Trevino Brown (2004) in Academy of Management Executives talked about the five business ethics myths. 1. It is easy to be ethical 2. Unethical behavior in business results from bad people 3. A formal code of ethics is the easiest way to manage them 4. Principled leadership revolves around your leaders 5. At one time, people appeared to be more ethical Pundits and business leaders say being ethical is straightforward when being ethical is complexRead MoreBusiness Values And Ethics Differ With Every Company Essay953 Words   |  4 PagesBusiness values and ethics differ with every company. They are formed by the behaviors and good ethics that is required in a professional environment. Values. Company values are used to guide and inspire individuals within a business in order to help them make appropriate decisions that align with company’s principles and policies and business practices within its industry. Strategic management is important to understand the position of the organization. It allows the company to accomplish goalsRead MoreBenefits Of Ethical Leadership : A Positive Corporate Reputation, Ethically Empowered Employees, Increased Quality, And Higher1734 Words   |  7 Pagesleadership; having a positive corporate reputation, ethically empowered employees, increased quality, and higher customer satisfaction. Ethical leadership will benefit an organization, because it creates a healthy ethical environment, and culture which produces a positive corporate reputation. 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As previously mentioned, it is important to keep staff motivated to edify the success of an organization. Motivation and incentive concepts are closely linked because they both encourage staff to perform in a better way. The difference is that motivation can be words, but incentives are typically tangible and specific. According to the Houston Chronicle, incentive plans offer recognition and rewards to employees forRead MoreFinancial Management And Corporate Social Responsibility1216 Words   |  5 PagesIntroduction With constant changes in the business world these days as well as the significant growth of organization, there are such key concerns on not only the issue of financial management or corporate social responsibility, but also the importance of ethics and governance, in which how an organization manages its business acting in the best interests of public and stakeholders. Indeed, there has been several of the failure of governance, fraud or bankrupt of large scale organizations in recentRead MoreEnterprise Rent A Car : Sustaining Organizational Learning And A Strong Culture1526 Words   |  7 PagesSomma Harris Corporate Culture and Organization Enterprise Rent-a-Car: Sustaining Organizational Learning and a Strong Culture Organizational learning helps companies to maintain adaptability and flexibility in the modern business world. A strong culture teaches employees values, views, purpose, belonging, and sense of identity, Enterprise Rent-a-Car strong culture has held the organization together and motivated their employees to do the right thing rather than what is easy. They believe thatRead MoreTransparency in Corporate Governance1507 Words   |  7 PagesRunning head: TRANSPARENCY IN CORPIRATE GOVERNANCE McBride Financial Services - Transparency in Corporate Governance University of Phoenix May 4, 2009 Transparency is imperative with respect to corporate governance due to the crucial nature of reporting financial information to maintaining investor and consumer confidence. The lack of devotion to corporate governance policies will send the message that the company is unbalanced and the leadership is not incorporating the highest level of integrityRead MoreZappos : Delivering Consumer Satisfaction882 Words   |  4 Pagesstructure, its core values, business ethics, style and goals are cutting-edge. Ferrell, O., Fraedrich, J., Ferrell, L. (2013). Explained, â€Å"Providing the absolute best customer service online not just in shoes, but also in any category† (p.478). Zappos believes the company success originates from its business ethics. Much of company’s principal are focused on consumer’s satisfaction. This ethic facilitated in constructing the company’s foundation and core values. In business, ethics refers to the principles

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

An Effective Propaganda Tool During The French Revolution

Amanda Fraistat Claudia Vizcarra/ B02 Assignment #4 9 March 2015 Comply or Die!: The Jacobins Most Effective Propaganda Tool during the French Revolution The French Revolution pitted the Monarchy against the Revolutionaries in a power struggle, but even within the Revolutionary’s group, there were several subgroups vying for power such as, the Girondists (Girondins?) and the Jacobins. The Girondists were the moderate political party and wanted limited democracy for Revolutionary France, whereas, the Jacobins were the radical party that wanted pure democracy for France (Gallant 123) [cite this way?]. Both groups, however, wanted freedom from the dictatorial rule of the Monarchy and the Estate System (capitalized?) that controlled France before the Revolution took place. The Estate System split the citizens of France into three different groups: the First Estate with 10,000 people and the most power, the Second Estate with 400,000 people and moderate power, and the Third Estate with 25 million people and the least power. (Gallant 111) The unf air burdens placed upon the citizens of the Third Estate soon led to the French Revolution in July of 1789, in which democracy and equal rights were sought. At first the Girondists won the governmental spot, but this power struggle eventually led to the Jacobins to gain leadership from 1793-1794. During their short but impactful rule, there were several different types of propaganda that the Jacobins used as political policies toShow MoreRelatedEssay on The Extent of American Unity and Identity1339 Words   |  6 Pagesless time to reach Savannah than a letter from Massachusetts. However, after the French and Indian War a sense of unity began to permeate through the colonies as a result of British acts. For every British action there was an American reaction, which fed the spirit of a new identity as Americans, not English colonists. The American identity was being established in the years before the revolution, but it was not the majority as some colonists stayed loyal to the King. Events Read MoreThe Importance Of Nationalism1434 Words   |  6 Pagesbelonging and identity. Nationalism has been one of the most influential and powerful forces of the twentieth century because nationalism helps bring people together that share a similar language, territory, and culture. It can be a powerful and effective ideology of a country depending on how leaders chose to use it however, nationalism is controversial among many states and nations and has been interlined with negative associations. Nationalism can create hatred and inequality among members of aRead MorePropaganda Effects of World War One Essay examples3323 Words   |  14 Pages Propaganda effects of World War I During the early 1900s a new era of warfare emerged as governments began to employ all economic, technological and psychological resources available to defeat their enemies. This concept of Total War altered the direction of humanity and governments understanding in their allocation of resources. This essay will examine the relationship between propaganda used during World War I, its effect on the masses and the absolutely essential need for the success of suchRead MorePropaganda Effects of Wwi3372 Words   |  14 PagesPropaganda effects of World War I During the early 1900s a new era of warfare emerged as governments began to employ all economic, technological and psychological resources available to defeat their enemies. This concept of Total War altered the direction of humanity and governments understanding in their allocation of resources. This essay will examine the relationship between propaganda used during World War I, its effect on the masses and the absolutely essential need for the success of suchRead MoreNAPOLEON’S INFLUENCE ON MODERN WESTERN MILITARY ARMIES Essay1867 Words   |  8 Pagesinfluential with the development of modern day Western armies. According to Knox, â€Å"military revolutions are changes in the nature and purpose of war itself.†1 Napoleons military tactics and strategy have revolutionized European warfare during the 1800s. His use of nationalism, military organizational structure, and combined arms were key factors that helped his juggernaut army conquer most of Europe. 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However, it is the view of many VietnameseRead More Myth of Propaganda in the Balkans and Rwanda Essay6707 Words   |  27 PagesMass Manipulation and Genocide: The Myth of Propaganda in the Balkans and Rwanda War and conquest have been among the most enduring traits of humankind throughout the ages. While we would all like to believe that we are, by nature, a peaceful species, we still understand there are some things worth fighting for, and given the appropriate context, there are some things worth killing for. As reasoning beings, we hope that if violence is the only option it is for a clear and legitimate purpose.Read MoreThe Beginning Of The Xx2689 Words   |  11 Pagesreforms has changed the role of people from the subjects to the nation in Iran. However, the emergence and viability of anti-colonial nationalist identity required the complex and long-term responses through education, patriotism and the increase in propaganda. It will be argued that the development of nationalism in Iran was conducted and widely exploited by the state administration of Reza Shah due to the necessity of new ideological doctrine and that the role of nationalist and patriotic sentiments

Traditional Education free essay sample

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Traditional education, also known as back-to-basics, conventional education or customary education, refers to long-established customs found in schools that society has traditionally deemed appropriate. Some forms of education reform promote the adoption of progressive education practices, a more holistic approach which focuses on individual students needs and self-expression. In the eyes of reformers, traditional teacher-centered methods focused on rote learning and memorization must be abandoned in favor of student-centered and task-based approaches to learning. However, many parents and conservative citizens are concerned with the maintenance of objective educational standards based on testing, which favors a more traditional approach. Depending on the context, the opposite of traditional education may be progressive education, modern education (the education approaches based on developmental psychology), or alternative education. [1] Contents * 1 Definition * 2 Instruction Centre * 3 Marking * 4 Subject Areas * 5 Criticism of the concept of teaching in traditional education| Definition The definition of traditional education varies greatly with geography and by historical period. The chief business of traditional education is to transmit to a next generation those skills, facts, and standards of moral and social conduct that adults deem to be necessary for the next generations material and social success. [2] As beneficiaries of this scheme, which educational progressivist John Dewey described as being imposed from above and from outside, the students are expected to docilely and obediently receive and believe these fixed answers. Teachers are the instruments by which this knowledge is communicated and these standards of behavior are enforced. [2] Historically, the primary educational technique of traditional education was simple oral recitation:[1] In a typical approach, students sat quietly at their places and listened to one student after another recite his or her lesson, until each had been called upon. The teachers primary activity was assigning and listening to these recitations; students studied and memorized the assignments at home. A test r oral examination might be given at the end of a unit, and the process, which was called assignment-study-recitation-test, was repeated. In addition to its overemphasis on verbal answers, reliance on rote memorization (memorization with no effort at understanding the meaning), and disconnected, unrelated assignments, it was also an extremely inefficient use of students and teachers time. This traditional approach also insisted that all students be taught the same ma terials at the same point; students that did not learn quickly enough failed, rather than being allowed to succeed at their natural speeds. This approach, which had been imported from Europe, dominated American education until the end of the 19th century, when the education reform movement imported progressive education techniques from Europe. [1] Traditional education is associated with much stronger elements of coercion than seems acceptable now in most cultures. [citation needed] It has sometimes included: the use of corporal punishment to maintain classroom discipline or punish errors; inculcating the dominant religion and language; separating students according to gender, race, and social class, as well as teaching different subjects to girls and boys. In terms of curriculum there was and still is a high level of attention paid to time-honoured academic knowledge. In the present it varies enormously from culture to culture, but still tends to be characterised by a much higher level of coercion than alternative education. Traditional schooling in Britain and its possessions and former colonies tends to follow the English Public School style of strictly enforced uniforms and a militaristic style of discipline. This can be contrasted with South African, USA and Australian schools, which can have a much higher tolerance for spontaneous student-to-teacher communication. citation needed] Instruction Centre | | Topic| Traditional approach| Alternate approaches| Person| Teacher-centred instruction: * Educational essentialism * Educational perennialism| Student-centred instruction: * Educational progressivism| Classroom| Students matched by age, and possibly also by ability. All students in a classroom are taught the same material. | Studen ts dynamically grouped by interest or ability for each project or subject, with the possibility of different groups each hour of the day. Multi-age classrooms or open classrooms. [3]| Teaching methods| Traditional education emphasizes: * Direct instruction and lectures * Seatwork * Students learn through listening and observation[4]| Progressive education emphasizes: * Hands-on activities * Student-led discovery * Group activities| Materials| Instruction based on textbooks, lectures, and individual written assignments| Project-based instruction using any available resource including Internet, library and outside experts| Subjects| Individual, independent subjects. Little connection between topics[3]| Integrated, interdisciplinary subjects or theme-based units, such as reading a story about cooking a meal and calculating the cost of the food. | Social aspects| Little or no attention to social development. [3] Focus on independent learning. Socializing largely discouraged except for extracurricular activities and teamwork-based projects. | Significant attention to social development, including teamwork, interpersonal relationships, and self-awareness. | Multiple tracks| * A single, unified curriculum for all students, regardless of ability or interest. Diverse class offerings without tracking, so that students receive a custom-tailored education. * With School to work, academically weak students must take some advanced classes, while the college bound may have to spend half-days job shadowing at local businesses. | Students choose (or are steered towards) different kinds of classes according to their perceived abilities or career plans. Decision s made early in education may preclude changes later, as a student on a vo-tech track may not have completed necessary prerequisite classes to switch to a university-preparation program. Student and teacher relationship| Students often address teachers formally by their last names. The teacher is considered a respected role model in the community. Students should obey the teacher. Proper behavior for the university or professional work community is emphasized. | In alternative schools, students may be allowed to call teachers by their first names. Students and teachers may work together as collaborators. | Marking Topic| Traditional approach| Alternate approaches| Communicating with parents| A few numbers, letters, or words are used to summarize overall achievement in each class. Marks may be assigned according to objective individual performance (usually the number of correct answers) or compared to other students (best students get the best grades, worst students get poor grades). A passing grade may or may not signify mastery: a failing student may know the material but not complete homework assignments, and a passing student may turn in all homework but still not understand the material. | Many possible forms of communicating achievements: * Teachers may be required to write personalized narrative evaluations about student achievement and abilities. Under standards-based education, a government agency may require all students to pass a test; students who fail to perform adequately on the test may not be promoted. | Expectations| Students will graduate with different grades. Some students will fail due to poor performance based on a lack of understanding or incomplete assignments. | All students need to achieve a basic level of education, even if this mean s spending extra years in school. | Grade inflation/deflation| Achievement based on performance compared to a reasonably stable, probably informal standard which is highly similar to what previous students experienced. The value of any given mark is often hard to standardize in alternative grading schemes. Comparison of students in different classes may be difficult or impossible. | Subject Areas Topic| Traditional approach| Alternate approaches| Mathematics| Traditional mathematics: * Emphasis is on memorization of basic facts such as the multiplication table and mastering step-by-step arithmetic algorithms by studying examples and much practice. * One correct answer is sought, using one standard method. * Mathematics after elementary grades is tracked with different students covering different levels of material. Mathematics is taught as its own discipline without emphasis on social, political or global issues. There may be some emphasis on practical applications in science and te chnology. | * Curriculum de-emphasizes procedural knowledge drills in favor of technology (calculators, computers) and an emphasis on conceptual understanding. * Lessons may include more exploratory material supportive of conceptual understanding, rather than direct presentation of facts and methods. * Emphasis may be on practical applications and greater issues such as the environment, gender and racial diversity, and social justice. Mathematics lessons may include writing, drawing, games, and instruction with manipulatives rather than filling out worksheets. [5] * Lessons may include exploration of concepts allowing students to invent their own procedures before teaching standard algorithms. * Grading may be based on demonstration of conceptual understanding rather than entirely on whether the final answer is correct. * In some countries (e. g. the United States), there may be expectations of high achievement and mastering algebra for all students rather than tracking some student s into business math and others into mathematics for math and science careers. Science| Fact-based science: Science class is an opportunity to transmit concrete knowledge and specific vocabulary from the teacher (or textbook) to the students. Students focus on memorizing what they are told. Experiments follow cookbook-style procedures to produce the expected results. | With Inquiry-based Science a student might be asked to devise an experiment to demonstrate that the earth orbits the sun. The emphasis changes from memorizing information that was learned through a scientific method to actually using the scientific method of discovery. Language learning| Phonics: The focus is on explicit training in sound to letter correspondence rules and the mechanics of decoding individual words. Students initially focus on phonics subskills and reading simplified decodable texts. When they have mastered a sufficient number of rules, they are allowed to read freely and extensively. (In many languag es, such as French, Spanish and Greek, phonics is taught in the context of reading simple open syllables. )| With whole language the child is exposed to rich, relevant language that can heighten motivation to read. Learning to read is assumed to be as natural as learning to speak, so students are not formally taught sound to letter correspondences, but assumed to infer them on their own. (Note that this issue is limited to languages such as English and French with complex phonetics and spelling rules. Instruction in countries with languages such as Spanish and Greek, which have relatively simple phonetic spelling, still depends mainly on phonics. )| Criticism of the concept of teaching in traditional education Traditional education focuses on teaching, not learning. It incorrectly assumes that for every ounce of teaching there is an ounce of learning by those who are taught. However, most of what we learn before, during, and after attending schools is learned without it being taught to us. A child learns such fundamental things as how to walk, talk, eat, dress, and so on without being taught these things. Adults learn most of what they use at work or at leisure while at work or leisure. Critics argue that most of what is taught in classroom settings is forgotten, and much of what is remembered is irrelevant.

Wednesday, April 22, 2020

Volcano Mount Vesuvius Essays - Volcanology, Mount Somma

Volcano Mount Vesuvius Mount Vesuvius is a volcano located in southern Italy, near the bay of Naples and the city of Naples. It is the only active volcano on the European mainland. Vesuvius rises to a height of 1277 m (4190 ft). Vesuvio (Vesuvius) is probably the most famous volcano on earth, and is one of the most dangerous. Mount Vesuvius is a strato-volcano consisting of a volcanic cone (Gran Cono) that was built within a summit caldera (Mount Somma). The Somma-Vesuvius complex has formed over the last 25,000 years by means of a sequence of eruptions of variable explosiveness, ranging from the quiet lava outpourings that characterized much of the latest activity (for example from 1881 to 1899 and from 1926 to 1930) to the explosive Plinian eruptions, including the one that destroyed Pompeii and killed thousands of people in 79 A.D. At least seven Plinian eruptions have been identified in the eruptive history of Somma-Vesuvius (1). Each was preceded by a long period of stillness, which in the case of the 79 A.D. eruption lasted about 700 years. These eruptions were fed by viscous water-rich phonotitic to tephritic phonolitic magmas that appear to have differentiated in shallow crustal conditions. They are believed to have slowly filled a reservoir where differentiation was driven by compositional convection. A minimum depth of about 3 km was inferred for the top of the magmatic reservoir from mineral equilibria of metamorphic carbonate ejecta (2). Fluid inclusions ([CO.sub.2] and [H.sub.2]O-[CO.sub.2]) in clinopyroxenes from cumulate and nodules indicate a trapping pressure of 1.0 to 2.5 kbar at about 1200 [degrees]C, suggesting that these minerals crystallized at depths of 4 to 10 km (3). The differentiated magma fraction was about 30% of the total magma in the reservoir, and a volume of about 2 to 3 [km.sup.3] was inferred for the reservoir (4). The magma ascent to the surface occurred through a conduit of possibly 70 to 100 m in diameter (5). A thermal model predicts that such a reservoir should contain a core of partially molten magma (6) that can be detected by high-resolution seismic tomography. The earliest outcropping volcanic deposits date back to about 25,000 years ago. The lavas observed at a -1125 m bore-hole are about 0,3-0,5 million years old. It is known for the first eruption of which an eyewitness account is preserved, in 79 AD. Geologically, Vesuvio is unique for its unusual versatility. Its activity ranging from Hawaiian-style release of liquid lava, fountaining and lava lakes, over Strombolian and Vulcanian activity to violently explosive, plinian events that produce pyroclastic flows and surges. Vesuvius is a complex volcano. A complex volcano is "an extensive assemblage of spatially, temporally, and genetically related major and minor [volcanic] centers with there associated lava flows and pyroclastic flows." Vesuvius has a long history. The oldest dated rock from the volcano is about 300,000 years old. It was collected from a well drilled near the volcano and was probably part of the Somma volcano. After Somma collapsed about 17,000 years ago, Vesuvius began to form. Four types of eruption have been documented: a) Plinian (AD 79, Pompeii type) events with widespread air fall and major pyroclastic surges and flows; b) sub-Plinian to Plinian, more moderately sized eruptions (AD 472, 1631) with heavy tephra falls around the volcano and pyroclastic flows and surges; c) small to medium-sized, Strombolian to Vulcanian eruptions (numerous events during the 1631-1944 cycle, such as 1906 and 1944) with local heavy tephra falls and major lava flows and small pyroclastic avalanches restricted to the active cone itself. The fourth type it is the smallest of all eruption types observed at Vesuvio. It is the persistent Strombolian to Hawaiian style eruption that characterizes almost all of an eruptive sub-cycle, such as was the case during the period 1913-1944. Activity of this kind is mainly restricted to the central crater where one or more intracrateral cones form, and to the sides of the cone. Lava flows from the summit crater or from the sub terminal vents extend beyond the cone's base. A somewhat particular kind of persistent activity is the slow release of large amounts of lava from sub terminal fractures to form thick piles of lava with little lateral extension, such as the lava cupola of Colle Umberto, formed in 1895-1899. (7) Vesuvius lies over a subduction zone. The two plates are the African plate and the Eurasian plate. The African plate is moving northward at about one inch (2-3 cm) per year and is slowly closing the Mediterranean basin. As it moves to the north, the

Monday, March 16, 2020

Nursing Knowledge Essays

Nursing Knowledge Essays Nursing Knowledge Essay Nursing Knowledge Essay Over the years, nursing has evolved not only as a profession but also a hands-on discipline. Nursing is a theory-based practice that evolves and grows continuously through research. Fawcett (1984) defined nursing’s metaparadigm as the overall overview of nursing which consists the concepts of person, environment, health and nursing. Nursing practice began to evolve in the early 18th century. I will be exploring the different major influences that have altered the practice of nursing to what it is today, namely the traditional role of women, feminism, religion, military, apprenticeship, technology and medicine. In the 19th century, the role of women was traditionally one of a homemaker. She was responsible for the care of the family and managed all aspects of their household. Women’s role as a domestic specialist has many similarities with the nurses’ roles. According to Hughes’ (1990), the ideology of domesticity rationalised nursing as a legitimate, if temporary, occupation for women. Nurses had difficulty identifying themselves as professionals due to the perception of the society of their nursing roles. As a socially defined duty of women, caring for others was not seen by society as necessitating the specialised expertise that typified the work of a professional† (Hughes, 1990). This stressed the society’s perception that nursing is a women’s work by society. Over the years, this idea has changed as the roles of women in society became more important and the role of nurses became more defined. While it is still largely dominated by women we have seen an increasing trend of male nurses joining the nursing profession, not only in Singapore but also worldwide. In reference to a Sunday Times article by Nur Dianah Suhaimi in 2009, she mentioned that out of the 18,400 active nurses in Singapore, 7. 5% are male. There has also been an increase of male nurses in the profession over the years. Statistics showed that there were 998 male nurses active in the nursing workforce in 2001 and 1,363 in 2007 (Singapore Nursing Board [SNB], 2008). More male students are also enrolling themselves in the nursing programmes offered by different institutions in Singapore, namely Nanyang Polytechnic, Ngee Ann Polytechnic and National University of Singapore (Suhaimi, 2009). In an excerpt of an interview with the director of the School of Health Sciences in Ngee Ann Polytechnic, one of the institutions that offers the diploma in nursing studies, she mentions how Singaporean parents are less hesitant about their sons taking up nursing (Phang, 2009). â€Å"Australia and the United Kingdom claim a 10 percent male nursing workforce, while recent statistics place the male nurse workforce in the United States at 6 percent, up from just 2. 7 percent in 1980† (University of Pittsburgh, n. d. ). In my opinion, this is a positive change as men become more willing to take up the challenges of nursing. This change also further reiterates the changing view of nursing as a stereotypical female profession. Male nurses play a vital role in the profession. Besides having the skills and knowledge of nursing, their masculinity is an added incentive in restraining violent patients and assisting heavier patients in their ambulation. The change in view and statistics also reflect the change ideology that nurses no longer act as handmaidens and instead as an allied professional in healthcare. As nursing has been perceived as a female dominated profession, feminism in the profession is inevitable. According to Bunting Campbell (1990), feminism has been defined â€Å"as a world view that values women and that confronts systematic injustices based on gender. † Feminism began back in the late 1300s with Christine de Pisan being the first feminist who wrote about the feminist theory that transformed modern thinking of women’s roles in society. There were different views of feminism such as enlightened liberals, cultural feminism and radical feminism. The feminists typically disagreed with each other as they had â€Å"different philosophic points of view† (Bunting, 1990). These views would then alter the perception of nursing. Problems between the act of nursing and the idea of feminism began to arise in the 1960s, during the second wave of the feminist movement. During this period, women faced the battle for access to education, the professions, and freedom from abuse and exploitation occurred (Sullivan, 2002). When nursing leaders were torn between feminism and professionalism, many chose professionalism instead as they had more dedication with the sanitary ideal and not to the feminist mission (Bunting, 1990). However, the connection between nursing and feminism should be minimal. â€Å"â€Å"Nursing can embrace the movement because equality benefits individuals, society, and, thus, the recipients of nurses care† (Sullivan, 2002). In my opinion, nurses face different, individual experience everyday. They identify themselves as nurses and comparing with other women workers. Whilst the feminist movement has indeed made a mark in nursing history by allowing nurses to be advocators of the women’s movement, equal rights should be handed to men to be involved and be a part of the nursing profession. In the 19th century, designs of the nursing uniforms were greatly influenced by the church, the military and the servant (Campbell et al. , 1999). According to Ellies and Hartley (2008), the nuns influenced early uniforms, which were starched white and covered from head to toe inclusive of a nursing cap. As such, this projected a â€Å"professional image for nursing, giving it status, respect and authority† (Ellies Hartley, 2008, p. 156). The white uniform â€Å"communicated an impression of confidence, competence, professionalism, authority, role identity, and accountability† (Ellis Hartley, 2008, p. 56). However, by the 1970s, a lot of changes were made to the uniform. One such example would be that hospitals no longer require the nursing cap. This aspect of the uniform was generally found impractical for nurses while carrying out their duties and also for infection control purposes. In the present day, it is observed that there are many changes made to the nursing uniform. Many institutions have incorporated the scrub suits as their uniform as they are found to be more comfortable and ease movements when performing tasks. For example, in Singapore, the nurses’ uniforms are easily identified by the general society despite its differing designs of the various hospitals. Emphasis has been stressed on the importance of donning the proper attire so as to project a professional image of nursing. In World War II, nurses were a part of the military and were appointed as officers. This gave them autonomy and also status in the military. Being in the military, a nurse officer has to be disciplined and adhere to uniform codes, follow rules, and respect the higher ranked officers. The military have a strong influence on nursing till the present day. For example, role calls are in place at the beginning of a shift so as to address issues in our workplace. As with most other organisations, there is a hierarchial system. The position in the hierarchy determines the power and respect one will have in the organisation. This will in turn teach nurses to be more disciplined, display more respect towards the individuals in the upper hierarchy and also towards each other. In the military, the senior officers will guide and hand down their knowledge to the junior officers. Similarly in nursing, an experienced staff will guide and teach junior nurses who have just joined the force, newly graduated nurses or nursing students. The experienced staff would then play a leadership role and an educator role. Also, it allows the new staff or nursing students to be exposed to the nursing environment and are able to practise the skills that they have learnt theoretically. Reading Benner’s (1982) article, I understood the methods of classifying nurses into â€Å"novice, advanced beginner, competent, proficient and expert† individuals. Benner listed out some examples of nurses in different stages of nursing practice to determine the most appropriate classification using a scientific model by Stuart and Hubert Dreyfus. Reading the article and reflecting on my current experience as a nurse, I believe that I am in between an advanced beginner and a competent nurse. Although I am no longer a novice, I encounter difficulties in keeping up with the different types of occurrences during work such as delivering the best nursing care to my patients with other things in mind. At times, I struggle with time management. I was given the preceptor role where I am responsible in guiding a newly graduated nurse. This taught me to prioritise my work and deal with time management. It provided me with the experience of having an educator role and the opportunity to teach. Experiential knowledge, as Benner identified, is widely observed in the nursing world. This group of nurses has the ability to diagnose a patient’s psychosis stage without any scientific means (Benner, 1982). Experience, in addition to formal education preparation, is required to develop this competency since it is impossible to learn ways of being and coping with an illness solely by concept or theorem† (Benner, 1982). With Benner’s classification of nurses in mind, nurses’ knowledge has changed with the advancement of technology in nursing. Over the years, technology has become an essential tool in every individual’s everyday life. With the introduction of tech nology, patient’s care and treatment is enhances while nurses need to acquire knowledge on the skills and keep up with it. In the 19th century, technology was mainly used to store patient medical records or to aid in the calculation of the patient’s hopitalisation bills. Presently, in Singapore, and I believe in many other countries, most of the hospitals have gone â€Å"paperless†. With the help of computers, nurses’ notes and patient’s medication record are now entered electronically through the various programmes designed specifically for nurses and nursing documentation. Technology in healthcare has its advantages and disadvantages. With computerized record, point-of care testing such as testing the patient’s blood glucose levels can be verified electronically and do not require a handwritten record. As the health systems are mostly integrated, healthcare providers all over the country can easily access the patient’s record allowing the continuity and consistency of care for the patient. Healthcare providers can maximize the availability of the hospital’s intranet to look up on information, policies or work procedures as and when they need to. This will help to keep nurses up to date on the current nursing practices or policies. Although there are advantages, there is also a downside. Confidentiality is an issue. Although all systems require an individual password access, there are risks of illegal hacking into the main system and these illegal intruders may have an access to the confidential records of various patients. Hence, a high level of security should be in place to protect these systems. The healthcare system in Singapore aims to be a â€Å"paperless† organization as they believe that the change would benefit the nurses by easing their workloads. However, in my opinion, it is an additional workload and a complex task for nurses to assess documentation through the programmes on the computer. The hospital has recently introduced these systems. However they have to consider the time required for the nurses in order for them to acquire the skills in order to carry them out competently. For example, in the current practice, when serving medications, we need to verify patient’s identifiers against a Personal Digital Assistant or PDA, which lists patient’s medical records and identification. For novice nurses who just learnt on how to use the PDA, they will have difficulty in the administration of medication to the individual patient as it may be time-consuming. As such, the completion of the nurses’ workload will be delayed, resulting in a further delay in the delivery of care to the patient. With the advancement in technology and the evolution of nursing, Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) has been continuously put into use in nursing research. Evidence-based nursing is drawn from the evidence-based medicine collaboration that is predicated on rules of evidence that value strictly controlled, data-based studies and research critique† (Winch, 2002). â€Å"EBP first began in medicine and is expanding to all of health care† (Ellies Hartley, 2008). As nursing is becoming increasingly scientific, it is no surprise that a comparison is drawn between the nursing and doctoral profession. Henderson (1981) highlighted how similar the nursing roles are in the nurs ing process when compared with the roles of the physicians. This further illustrates Henderson’s belief that the nursing process is leaning towards the science of nursing. With the development of EBP, it has somehow contradicted with Carper’s (1978) article. In Carper’s article, she identified the four patterns of knowing; empirics which refers to the science of nursing, esthetics which is the art of nursing, personal knowledge which is based on experience and ethics which is the component of moral knowledge in nursing. Porter (2010) argues that Carper’s patterns of knowing have been challenged by EBP. Porter (2010) also mentioned, â€Å"the new problem of EBP requires nurses to change the shape and patterns of knowing to respond to the challenge it represents. The challenge involves its threat to reduce nursing knowledge to a very narrow form of empirics. † The sources that were chosen for this essay cover a wide range of opinions and concepts. From the traditional role of women to feminism and to how nursing developed by religious and military influences, the authors have in many ways potrayed the various varying points of view that influences the nursing discipline. With the new advancements and changes in nursing practice, nurses should bear in mind that they should always deliver the best nursing care to their patients. Nurses need to constantly upgrade themselves in order to be kept up to date with the latest development and practice in nursing in line with the advancement of technology. References Benner, P. (1982). From novice to expert. American Journal of Nursing, March, p. 402 – 407. Bunting, S. , Campbell, J. C. (1990). Feminism and nursing: Historical Perspectives. Advances in Nursing Science, 12(4), p 11 – 24. Carper, B. (1978). Fundamental patterns of knowing in nursing. Advances in Nursing Science, 31(4), p 296 – 307. Doheny, M. O. , Cook, C. B. , Stopper, M. C. (1997). The Discipline of Nursing: An Introduction (4th ed. ). Stamford, Connecticut: Appleton Lange. Ellis, J. R. , Hartley, C. L. (2008). Nursing in Today’s World: Trends, Issues, Management (9th ed. ). USA: Lippincott Williams Wilkins. Fawcett, J. (1984). The metaparadigm of nursing: Present status and future refinements. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 16(3), p 77 – 87. Henderson, V. A. (1982). The nursing process – is the title right?. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 7, p 103 – 109. Hughes, L. (1990). Professionalizing domesticity: A synthesis of selected nursing historiography. Advances in Nursing Science, 12 (4), p 25 31. Lefebvre, M. (2003). Nursing uniforms: dead or alive?. Nursing News, 27(4). Porter, S. (2010). Fundamental patterns of knowing in nursing: The challenge of evidence-based practice. Advances in Nursing Science, 33 (1), p 3 – 14. Suhaimi, N. D. (2009, March 31). Who says nursing is for sissies? The Straits Times. Retrieved from siaone. com/News/Education/Story/A1Story20090330-132089. html Sullivan, E. J. (2002). Nursing and feminism: An uneasy alliance. Journal of Professional Nursing. 18 (4), p 183-184. University of Pittsburgh . (n. d). Nursing: Options and Opportunities [Brochure]. Pittsburgh, PA: Author. Winch, S. , Creedy, D. , Chaboyer, W. (2002). Governing nursing conduct: The rise of evidence-based practice, Nursing Inquiry, 9 (3), p 156 – 161. Zerwekh, J. , Claborn, J. (2006). Nursing Today: Transition and Trends (5th ed. ). St. Louis, Missouri: Saunders Elsevier.

Saturday, February 29, 2020

Belief And Faith In Organisations Cultural Studies Essay

Belief And Faith In Organisations Cultural Studies Essay Religion and think of an organization is tradition. It's a term which is not unusual and is understood to nearly every person on earth. It outlined and could be equally discussed freely or it may be simply comprehended mutually, in other words, without stating anything-but could be represented in the only functions of even a company, team or a person. It's something not absent in all facets of our own lives. To put it differently, it's the real reason for an individual's behavior. But tradition may emerge in a variety of circumstances including cultural tradition and culture. It's worthy and a development of praise. You will find five measurements of the tradition: Masculity, Uncertainty prevention, Personal Group and Power Space Ferminity. Culture may be understood to be the organized manner to do things within an company where principles and beliefs which can be created inside the company is discussed. Therefore, the tradition direct the behavior of the people in the business. Additionally it is referred to as business lifestyle and is an integral facet of any workplace or business environment. Several occasionally we notice people make claims like: "Here Is just how is done points here". They may be the truth is that revealing or speaking in regards to the tradition. For varieties of Business civilizations are Bureaucratic, Flexible and Corperative. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Organizational_culture Records from Pitch Hand-Outs Some Notes from Company Conduite. Cultural lifestyle is how individuals act according from what they've realized out of society or their family. This can be usually according to the competition anyone lives in or the state that she or he is from. It includes emphasizing ways that are specific that the items are complete and do-ing specific things. Distinct civilizations 've gotten distinct understandings of issues that were seeing. Something which could possibly be dismissed or as standard in one single tradition that was cultural might be considered to not be as low overlook in another. For instance,for instance, the notion of relationship in the tradition that is Oriental as well as the American tradition and each additional differ. It's an average matter to get a few to call home together without marriage in the lifestyle that is American. Yet, in the Oriental lifestyle (primarily Indian) it's really an excellent failure to do such factor plus in addition, it exhibits contempt for the ideals organized in their opi nion. Discovering the huge difference between both of these civilizations is this in Organisational tradition CHANGE usually takes spot frequently and readily. Say in case a kiwi supervisor of the business modifications, it is not unlikely the way points are complete because business may furthermore alter in accordance with the supervisor that is newest. Organisational lifestyle is generated from whoever owns the organisation/firm it self as well as the individuals who work with him. Organisational lifestyle period is dependent upon the operating as well as the equilibrium of their direction and such specific company. Organisational tradition h-AS boundation that is regular /connection by means of the people dealing together. Although the change in the tradition that is Racial just isn't a typical stuff that will occur often. Actually when there is an alteration, it could consider under consideration in to quite a few additional matters prior to the real selection is manufactured. Number of individuals creates racial culture /society discussing thoughts and sam-e opinions from previous period of time. Tradition period that is cultural typically are from wonderful earlier of forefathers. Ethnic lifestyle have really near heartedly connection by means of the people of this society. Racial tradition functions from spiritual and the tradition about the notion. Cultural lifestyle h AS less versatility because it's just adjustable lifestyle that is low and static. Cultural lifestyle h-AS host of diversity and selection when it comes to food, considering, clothing. Cultural traditions assistance is restricted for the individuals who make an effort to alter themselves in accordance with the scenario. Schein, E.H. (1985-2005) Business Tradition and Management, 3rd Ed., Josseybass ISBN 0-787-9-7597-4 Pitch hand-outs by Mona Some Notes from Company Conduite. (2) Direction Lifestyle - Describe how social understandings might affect behavior as well as the direction design of business or the person The direction instance that I've selected for the 2 concerns that are following, is the fact that of my Supervisor. He lately transferred to Nz and stems in the Sydney. COMPONENT A It's an extremely frequent consideration to listen to some one state: "No person is exactly the same". Lots of that time period this term can be used to generate folks realise that every person h AS diverse skills which it would unwise to examine yourself by means of another person only to be deterred by particular things one particular can-not execute while another may. Therefore, also an individual's understanding and each additional differ. Understanding means the method whereby individuals arrange, obtain and inter-Pret details in the surroundings. Numerous variables bring about individuals having intelligent that is various. As an example from, the household ideals which they obtained, the culture or the surroundings they was raised in etc. Since tradition is related to the conduct of somebody, it's quite probably that there's a large sway of the way in which issues are viewed by a person and execute things which could change from your additional man. It-no question performs an important part in the specialist area because lifestyle is apparent in all facets of our lifestyles. His ethnic heritage is greatly depicted by the authority fashion of my Mgr.. He comes from Sydney as cited before, as well as the tradition there's not rather same from my own, personal lifestyle. It's quite obvious in my experience that his authority design displays extremely on such a after having an exchange with him about his breeding and tradition. As a person, he aims to carry through his purpose as a supervisor and takes his career critically. Yet, he doesn't offer large respect to his standing on a regular basis. Usually, he and his workers joke, whether it is about a few other subjects or perform. He considers that employed within an company is in the manner of a household According to his tradition, offering because of the demands of his family is hardly unimportant which simply will not me-an purchasing them the necessary however in once getting quality moment away to invest together. So when work hrs are finished he requests every one depart the leftover employment for 24 hours later and to abandon the premises. It may be figured, his ethnic understanding is reflected by his management job. ( Address hand-outs by Mona ) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Organizational_culture Some Records and Information from Company Conduite. COMPONENT B Me definitely does impress, particularly just how he applies to the fact along with his employees that he's quite friendly. On the other hand, being from a culture that is totally diverse, my strategy could not be rather same. While I 'd enjoy to get the easiness between my employees and me, I might at once anticipate they understand and value the place whom I got in the business. This greatly demonstrates from my ethnic heritage from my facet of the household, where we occur after every person and the predominantly organization values and values their regulators that are higher. On the other hand, that doesn't me-an that acknowledgement is required on a regular basis by this strategy but frequently on when more than a few of these have a tendency to overlook their independence being easygoing by means of the personnel causes some trouble later. Like the majority of the civilizations, for the households needs offering is crucial within my lifestyle. In a somewhat dissimilar circumstance from the lifestyle of my supervisor, our perception is not and to get the perform done when possible to depart the benefit to-morrow of today's. So, work that was hard is established during his or her mindset towards his work, earning a method for promotional material or their evaluation. Obligation is some thing of esteem that is large and is valued at facets and all amounts of the area that is operating. As an Indian, I realized that Foreign tend to be mo-Re sensitive and painful plus they welcome the strategy which comes directly to them-which signifies they connect you in the standing of equivalence in the place of standing of ethnic brilliance While having a dialogue that was friendly with the personnel is beneficial to develop their regard and admiration, it's urged to not allow it to be a custom wherein one forgets to cover regard to those they've been afflicted by. For instance,for instance, frequently and fully being a supervisor concerning your-self in gags during work-hours would unethical. The motives behind this are warranted from my understanding. There could make sure individuals who could easily get offended at this reality plus reason which they don't fit in the company and they might begin to distance themselves from the others. So, my strategy and that of my supervisor as a result of our distinct ethnic understandings might surely vary. As I will be an indian ( Address hand-outs by Mona ) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Organizational_culture Some Records and Information from Company Conduite. COMPONENT III - Multi-Cultural company Every organisation consists of individuals. Individuals, that are people that are exceptional, also have various understandings for things that are different and come from other ethnic backdrops. An expression which is popular in describing companies is "multi-cultural organisation". The phrase variety is frequently connected to the expression. Variety is a phrase utilized to refer to the big difference among individuals on the job , which might be according to expertise, age, sex, the competition etc. Business that is Multi-cultural identifies the existence of distinct ethnicities in a business. A number of the features of a multicultural company are: Pluralism- People of civilizations, whether bulk or fraction get the capacity to affect the environment of procedures and essential beliefs. Architectural integration- associates from your fraction-tradition are reasonably re-presented in most occupations in any way amounts as well as in most practical duties. Casual community integration- fraction-lifestyle members get help in the profession improvement in types of support and coaching groups. Lack of splendour and bias - the demand to remove the lifestyle- through the use of various coaching and taskforce actions team prejudices. Minimal intergroup discord- variety will not encourage harmful clashes between members of fraction and bulk ethnicities. You'll find lots of advantages as well as drawbacks of being a true innovator in a cultural business that is multi. Edges Embracing lifestyle, practices and custom - It can help someone to manage the struggles between residence lifestyle/conventions and lifestyle that is fresh /conventions. In case that one discovers fresh vocabulary it really is a masterkey for the tradition that is second. C-Reative problemsolving - It can help anyone to generate alternative to your difficulty. In case that issue is being solved by one for whom the position enhances the option should both have worth, certainly resolve the mentioned difficulty or valued by some body. Minuses Battle increases - Really Being A innovator and battle can be created by functioning with individuals from varied places. Scenario appears are prepared with sights and several thoughts or were the other folks will not be ready to acknowledge the orders and attempts. Social issue - Social difficulties have been all seen by us in the course of our existence associations that are extended may not be easy to handle. Our self-esteem trust and is influenced this way, it are able to make li Fe that is handling change hard and give rise to conversation abilities that are previously lousy. Direction managing problems - Really Being A head its among the job that is difficult since you've got therefore a lot of people functioning from characteristics, behaviours, distinct ethnicities and age alongside you. S O at the same period one seems to function until it is often worst or the recommendations are prepared by him which the others must follow along with should they must live for the reason that firm. Thing that is certain like preparation and prediction, evaluation of aggressive and hazards, doubt tendering must be handled. Pitch giveaways by Mona http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Organizational_culture Some Notes from Company Conduite.